Anne Redpath’s work is famous for the subtlety of its colouring. In October 1963 she spent a fortnight in Venice with her eldest son, the painter Alastair Michie, staying on the Grand Canal and savouring the city and its art. She herself was not religious but had become interested in Catholic imagery on her other travels abroad, especially during her 1961 visit to Portugal; there she became fascinated by the atmosphere of intense faith in the highly decorated churches with their plethora of richly ornamented altars and shrines. The two studies, Madonna and Altar in San Nicolo dei Mendicol II, show an altar in one of Venice’s most ancient churches which dates back originally to the seventh century and has always been particularly loved by the poorer inhabitants of the city. Since Anne Redpath’s visit the church has undergone important restoration, thanks to the support of the charity Venice in Peril. This more densely painted gouache is one of her variations on the theme that were painted later, rather than in the church itself. This Madonna has been much venerated by the faithful and is actually enthroned among an array of hearts. The details of her physical form are a minor matter; she is truly an icon, a token, rather than a representation of a person.
Goucahe on Paper
28 × 23.5 cm
47 × 42 × 2.5 cm
Signed bottom left
Ⓒ The Artist's Estate. All Rights Reserved 2019/Bridgeman Images
Anne Redpath OBE RSA ARA ARWS, 1895-1965
Born in Galashiels, the daughter of a tweed designer, Anne Redpath overcame initial parental opposition to the study of art on condition that she also trained as a teacher. In 1913 she enrolled at Edinburgh College of Aer, where she was taught by, among others, David Alison, Henry Lintott and D.M. Sutherland. The college awarded her a travelling scholarship in 1919, and Redpath went to Brussels, Bruges, Paris, Florence - where she lived for several months - and Siena, where she was impressed greatly by the work of the Sienese Primitives, particularly the brothers Lorenzetti.
In 1920 she married James Beattie Michie, an architect with the war Graves Commission in France, spending fourteen years bringing up a family, first in northern France and then on the Riviera, painting whenever she could. She and her three sons returned to Scotland in 1934, living in Hawick, where she had been brought up. She moved to Edinburgh in 1949. On her return to Scotland she took up painting again in earnest, forced to earn a living from it. Until she travelled in Spain in 1951 her paintings were mainly still life’s and landscapes, but after that visit her art developed a new strength and drama, her handling of paint was much freer, and her work developed a more abstract quality.
Colour and texture fascinated Redpath. The influence of her father's work remained with her, as she observed in later life in an exhibition catalogue: "I do, with a spot of red or yellow in harmony with grey, what my father did with his tweed." In the last twelve years of her life she painted in Corsica, the Canary Islands, Portugal, Amsterdam and Venice. Serious illness in 1955 and 1959 seemed only to intensify the emotion with which she charged her canvas.
Redpath painted highly decorative works in which simple colour harmonies dominate. revealing the influence of the French post-Impressionist, in particular Gauguin, Matisse, Bonnard and Vuillard.